January in the Garden

What to Plant Bedding Plants: Plants to add to the garden during the coolest months include dianthus, begonia, pansy, petunia, viola, lobelia, dusty miller, and snapdragon.

See Gardening With Annuals in Florida.

Bulbs: Crinum, agapanthus, clivia, and gloriosa lily bulbs can be planted now. Provide a layer of mulch for protection from cold temperatures. See: Bulbs for Florida

Vegetables: Continue planting cool season crops including beet, cabbage, turnip, lettuce, potato, and broccoli. See: Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide.

What to Do This Month Deciduous fruit: Now is the time to plant deciduous fruit trees. This will give roots time to develop before the warm and dry spring months. See Dooryard Fruit Varieties See also: Planting Shrubs in Florida Landscapes. And: Establishing Shrubs in Florida Landscapes

Cold protection: Frost or freezes are likely this month and next. Be ready to cover tender plants to minimize damage and make sure covers extend all the way to the ground. See: Cold Protection of Ornamental Plants:

Irrigation: Lawns and landscape plants are dormant and need minimal irrigation. See Summary of IFAS Turf and Landscape Irrigation Recommendations.

Shrubs and Trees: Prune non-spring flowering shrubs and trees this month to improve form. See: Pruning Landscape Trees and Shrubs.

Arbor Day: Florida observes Arbor Day on the 3rd Friday of January. To celebrate, plant a tree in your yard or community. See: Arbor Day In Florida.

Crape myrtle: While crape myrtles do not require pruning, removing seed pods, crossing branches and small twiggy growth improves the appearance and form of the plant. See:

in Florida: For pruning crape myrtle Pests: To control scale on citrus, shrubs, camellias, and deciduous fruit trees, apply horticultural oil while plants are dormant. Apply copper spray to mango's after bloom. See: Landscape Insect Pest Management

What to Do Every Month Adjust irrigation based on rainfall. • Deadhead flowers to encourage new blooms. • Monitor the garden for insects and disease. • Plant trees, shrubs, and perennials and water as needed until established.• Mow lawns at recommended heights: • St. Augustine & Bahia: 3-4”• Centipede: 1.5-2.0”• Dwarf St. Augustine: 2.5” • Zoysia Grass

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