In the Garden - What to do

• Adjust irrigation based on rainfall.

• Monitor the garden for insects and disease. • Deadhead flowers to encourage new blooms.

• Plant trees, shrubs, and perennials and water as needed until established.

• Mow lawns at recommended heights: Watch for drought stress and water as needed if rainfall has been spotty. Focus on new plantings and follow watering restrictions. When rains begin, shut down the irrigation system.

Propagation Produce more plants by air layering, grafting, division, or cuttings. See Seeds and Propagation (Land and Garden)

Mulch, Mulch, Mulch Use lots of mulch including barks, leaves and compost. Form layers 2- to 3- inches thick in tree and shrub plantings, less in flowerbeds. Keep mulch from touching tree trunks and never “volcano” mulch on a tree trunk. Fertilization

Fertilize summer annuals with a balanced fertilizer such as 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 every three to four weeks. Better yet use slow- release fertilizer at the time of planting or apply to established plants if you haven’t already done so. Fertilize gardenia and hibiscus with a 15-5-10 or 15-5-15. Continue to fertilize palms with a good 8-4-12-palm fertilizer. Fertilizer Ban Remember Indialantic’s fertilizer ordinance goes into effect from June 1st through September 30th. The specifics of the Fertilizer Ordinances that have been adopted throughout all of Brevard County, and each municipality, are as follows:

• No nitrogen or phosphorus may be applied to lawns and landscapes (this includes trees, shrubs, flowers, perennials, palms, etc.) from June 1st through September 30th.

• Any fertilizer supplying nitrogen must be at least 50% slow release. Note that organic fertilizers have 100% slow release nitrogen.

• When applying nitrogen, use a maximum of 1 lb. of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.

• No nitrogen or phosphorus may be applied to lawns and landscapes (this includes trees, shrubs, flowers, perennials, palms, etc.) from June 1st through September 30th.

• Phosphorus may only be applied if a soil test from the UF soil lab shows it is needed. The soil testing form can be obtained HERE. Request Test B so the amount of phosphorus will be measured. When phosphorus is applied, only 1⁄4 (.25) pounds may be applied, per 1,000 square feet, per application.

• No fertilizer may be applied to areas less than 25 feet from a body of water.

• A maximum of a half-pound per 1,000 square feet of phosphorus may be applied per year. Ordinance compliant fertilizers: Brevard County organic fertilizers Indian River County Soil Solarization Great activity for hot weather; clean up your vegetable garden and solarize the soil to kill pests and disease.

Mealy Bugs, Scale, and Whitefly/IFAS

Garden Pests Watch for the bad bugs - thrips, scale, and mites on ornamental plants because they become more active in warm weather. Continue to inspect landscape plants regularly for any sign of insect damage. Spare the good bugs - remember that lady bugs, praying mantis, assassin bugs, lacebugs, dragonflies, earwigs, ambush bugs, aphid lions and parasitic wasps (these are very tiny, black wasps) are beneficial bugs – they feed on aphids, mites and others. Oleander caterpillars are their most active now. Use the biological control BT (Bacillus Thuringienus). See Landscape Pest Management.

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